PACE Event

Effectiveness of Instructional Programs for English Language Learners in the San Francisco Unified School District

Sean Reardon, Stanford University, and Ritu Khanna, SFUSD

San Francisco Unified School District (SFUSD) provides English Learner (EL) students with a variety of instructional program options, including English Immersion programs, Bilingual Programs, and Dual (Two-way) Immersion Programs. Moreover, the district has a very diverse EL student population, with 40 percent of Latina/o, 40 percent Chinese, and 20 percent from a wide range of other language/ethnic backgrounds.

For the past two years, SFUSD has partnered with researchers at Stanford University to investigate the effectiveness of these different instructional programs for EL students, and to examine whether they are equally effective for Latina/o and Chinese EL students.

In this seminar, Sean Reardon and Ritu Khanna will present the findings from this study, including the effects of different EL instructional programs on English language acquisition (CELDT scores), academic skills (CST scores), and reclassification rates.


  • Sean Reardon, Professor of Poverty and Inequality in Education, Stanford University
  • Ritu Khanna, Chief of Research, Planning and Assessment, San Francisco Unified School District