Robert S. Shand
Robert D. Shand is an assistant professor at American University School of Education. A former high school economics and government teacher, his interests lie at the intersection of research, policy, and practice. His current research focuses on teacher improvement through collaboration and professional development, as well as on how schools and teachers use data from economic evaluation and accountability systems to make decisions and improve over time. He co-authored the third edition of Economic Evaluation in Education: Cost-Effectiveness and Benefit-Cost Analysis, and has contributed to the American Journal of Evaluation, Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, and the Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness. He received his PhD in economics and education from Teachers College, Columbia University.