Michael Gottfried is associate professor in the University of Pennsylvania Graduate School of Education. He was formerly professor in the Gevirtz School of Education at the University of California, Santa Barbara. His research focuses on absenteeism, schooling context, and STEM; an interest in disabilities informs his work, which has been published in a number of journals, including American Educational Research Journal, Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, Teachers College Record, Education Finance and Policy, American Journal of Education, and Elementary School Journal. Gottfried serves on the editorial boards of American Educational Research Journal and Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis. He received his PhD in applied economics from the University of Pennsylvania.