The Racial School Climate Gap

Adam Voight

Racial and ethnic disparities in academic achievement pose challenges to educational equity in the United States. One feature of schools that may be related to these gaps and that has garnered increased attention of late is school climate, which refers...

Physical Activity Breaks Improve Student Attention in the Classroom

Jordan Carlson

Leading public health organizations recommend that children receive 60 minutes of daily physical activity and that elementary schools provide at least 30 minutes of daily physical activity during school hours. California mandates 200 minutes of Physical Education per every 10...

School Suspensions’ Positive Link to Drop-Out and Negative Link to Achievement

Caven S. Mcloughlin
Rose Marie Ward
Amity L. Noltemeyer

3.45 million U.S. students and 279,383 California students received one or more out-of-school suspensions during the 2011-2012 and 2013-2014 school years, respectively (California Department of Education Data Reporting System, 2015; U.S. Department of Education Office of Civil Rights, 2014). These...