Making Observation Count: Key Design Elements for Meaningful Teacher Observation
Teacher evaluation has emerged as a potentially powerful policy lever in state and federal debates about how to improve public education. The role of student test scores and “value-added” measures in teacher evaluation has generated intense public controversy, but other approaches to evaluation including especially classroom observations of teaching are certain to remain as essential features of any evaluation system. In this policy brief Jennifer Goldstein lays out four key design principles that should guide the observation-based assessment of teaching:
- Use standards-based instruments for data collection;
- Rely on observers/assessors other than building administrators, ideally master teachers, to conduct observations;
- Support observers by establishing shared responsibility and accountability for evaluations and employment decisions; and
- Partner with the teachers union.