Conditions of Education in California, 1988

James W. Guthrie
Policy Analysis for California Education
Michael W. Kirst
Stanford University
Gerald C. Hayward
Policy Analysis for California Education
Allan R. Odden
University of Wisconsin–Madison
Jacob E. Adams, Jr.
Claremont Graduate University
Helen H. Cagampang
University of California, Berkeley
Terry S. Emmett
California Department of Education
John W. Evans
San Joaquin Delta College
Julia E. Koppich
J. Koppich & Associates
Betty M. Merchant
The University of Texas at San Antonio


This is the fourth edition of Conditions of Education in California. It is the most extensive and inclusive issue yet. It has been altered in both content and format.

The content has been expanded.  In addition to previously appearing components such as enrollments, curriculum, governance, human resources, student performance, and finance, a special features section has been added. This year, education reform processes are the topic of this new section. Next year, we will select a different topic on which to concentrate. Of course, we continue in this edition to include the sections on the evolving policy context and capital perspective in which we add our interpretations to California's conditions of education.

This publication is based upon compilations and syntheses of information collected by other agencies and individuals. These sources are noted throughout the publication. Also, we undertake a substantial amount of original data collection and analysis. We make specific mention of these instances throughout the text also. In that this publication is intended to be useful to a wide range of audiences, we have altered the format this year in a manner which we hope renders it more readable.

Suggested citationGuthrie, J. W., Kirst, M. W., Hayward, G. C., Odden, A. R., Adams, J. E., Jr., Cagampang, H. H., Emmett, T. S., Evans, J. W., Geranios, J. W., Koppich, J. E., & Merchant, B. M. (1988, March). Conditions of education in California, 1988 [Report]. Policy Analysis for California Education.